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Green synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activities of Copper nanoparticles from the rhizomes extract of Picrorhiza kurroa


Vinit Prakash*, Anjana Kumari, Harpreet Kaur, Manoj Kumar, Sumeet Gupta and Ritu Bala  


Background: Green synthesized nanoparticles from the solvent extract of various plant parts show better biological activities as compared to parent solvent plant extract. Traditionally rhizomes of Picrorhiza kurroa are used to cure various diseases like diarrhea, fever, jaundice, eye infection, skin problems, asthma, arthritis, cancer, diabetes, gastrointestinal problems.

Objectives: Present study describes the synthesis of copper nanoparticles from a hydroethanolic extract of P. kurroa rhizomes (CuNPs-Pk) and their evaluation for antimicrobial activities against gram-negative, gram-positive bacterial, and fungal strains.

Methods: The solution of copper sulfate and hydroethanolic extract of rhizomes of P. kurroa was mixed with help of a magnetic stirrer at 60°C temperature for 1 h. The blue color of CuSO4.5H2O changed to brownish-black colored copper nanoparticles within 10 minutes. These nanoparticles were centrifuged at 4000 rpm for 20 min, washed with ethanol, followed by deionized water, dried, and were characterized by Ultra violet–visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectra, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Different concentrations of hydroethanolic extract of Picrorhiza kurroa rhizomes (HEEPk), CuNPs-Pk and copper oxide nanoparticles (bare CuO) ranging from 100-400 ppm had been studied against selected bacterial and fungal strains by using the well plate diffusion method. Ciprofloxin and fluconazole were used as standard and Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as a control for selected strains.

Results: The UV–Vis spectral studies confirmed the surface plasmon resonance of green-synthesized CuNPs-Pk. The particle size was found to be 275-285 nm. FTIR analysis of biosynthesis nanoparticles have been confirm the presence of various functional groups (flavonoids, glycosides, tannins, phenols). SEM and TEM of biosynthesized nanoparticles have predicted their spheric al shape and their size (20-40 nm) and These particles have shown effective antimicrobial activities against selected pathogenic organisms viz. Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Aspergillus niger than that of HEEPk and bare CuO.

Conclusions: The CuNPs-Pk show effective antimicrobial activities against bacterial and fungal pathogens as compared to HEEPk and bare CuO.


Green synthesis, Picrorhiza kurroa rhizomes extract, TEM, SEM, Antibacterial activity


Department of Chemistry, M.M. University, Sadopur-Ambala (134007), Haryana, Department of Chemistry, M.M. University, Sadopur-Ambala (134007), Haryana, Department of Chemistry, M.M. University, Sadopur-Ambala (134007), Haryana, Department of Chemistry, M.M. University, Sadopur-Ambala (134007), Haryana, M.M. College of Pharmacy, M.M. University, Mullana (133203), Haryana , Department of Chemistry, Guru Nanak Dev University (143005), Amritsar

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