Geetanjali, Dilpreet Singh and Neena Bedi Pages 136 - 154 ( 19 )
Objective: The aim of the present investigation was to develop microemulsionbased hydrogel of tacrolimus for topical application for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.
Methods: Microemulsion containing tacrolimus was developed by water titration method and was successfully incorporated into freshly prepared 1% carbopol 940 gels. Preformulation studies such as preparation of standard curve by HPLC, solubility studies and construction of phase diagrams were carried out. Lauroglycol was selected as oil, Labrasol and Tween 80 (1:1) as surfactant blend and Transcutol P as co-surfactant, on the basis of solubility of tacrolimus in the above constituents. The optimized microemulsion formulation and microemulsion based hydrogel were characterized for various parameters and were evaluated for the efficiency to treat atopic dermatitis induced by 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene in BALB/c mice.
Results: The pH value and percent transmittance of microemulsion formulation were found to be 5.9 and 99.2%, respectively. Microemulsion did not show phase separation in centrifugation study. Transmission Electron Microscopy illustrated that the droplets of the microemulsion possessed spherical shape. The microemulsion based gel system possessed good spreadability and 83.31±1.148 % drug content. In vitro permeation studies showed that the permeation rate of both tacrolimus loaded microemulsions as well as microemulsion based hydrogel was observed to be higher than the drug solution and marketed ointment formulation. Histopathological analysis revealed that the microemulsion based hydrogel was more effective than the microemulsion and marketed ointment.
Conclusion: The results indicated that the formulated microemulsion based hydrogel is promising vehicle for topical delivery of tacrolimus for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.
Microemulsion, microemulsion based hydrogel, tacrolimus, atopic dermatitis, topical delivery.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab 143005, India.